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Square Kilometer Array(SKA)


Exploring the Universe with the world’s largest telescope

Q. What is SKA?
A. The Square Kilometre Array (SKA) is an international project to build a radio telescope tens of times more sensitive and hundreds of times faster at mapping the sky than today’s best radio astronomy facilities. Simply put: the world’s largest game changer radio telescope. It is not a single telescope, but a collection of various types of antennas, called an array, to be spread over long distances.
Q. What are the Objectives of the SKA project?
A. The SKA will be used to advance humanity’s knowledge. Its primary objectives are
(a) To answer fundamental questions of science of nature, such as
  1. How did the Universe, and the stars and galaxies contained in it, form and evolve?

  2. What is the nature of ‘dark matter’ and ‘dark energy’
  3. Is there life somewhere else in the Universe?

(b) The SKA will collect and process vast amounts of data and will stimulate cutting-edge advances in high-performance computing and Big Data science – especially the processing, analysis and visualization of very large data sets.


Q. Who is building the SKA telescope and what will be the cost of the project?

A. The SKA project is a international enterprise with currently 11 member countries (Australia, Canada, China, United Kingdom India, Italy, New Zealand, South Africa, Sweden, The Netherlands and India) forming the international SKA Organisation.100 research institutions and companies are involved in this SKA project. Its Headquarter is located in Jodrell Bank Observatory near Manchester, UK.

Project cost: The total cost of the project is 2 billion euros.


What is the SKA-India consortium?

To execute activities related to SKA projects in India, a SKA-India consortium has been formed. Under this consortium several Research Institutes, IITs, IISER, NISER, Universities of India come together for exploring, formulating, practicing and promoting activities related to the SKA project and its allied aspects.

Regular member of SKA-India consortium:

BITS-Pilani, K K Birla Goa campus has signed a MoU on 13th July,2016 to become a Regular Member of the SKA-India consortium. 
Other Regular Members of this consortium includes TIFR, NCRA,RRI, IUCAA, IIA, IISc, SINP,PRL, IIT Kanpur, IISER, NISER, Delhi University, JMU, MGU, Presidency college, Kolkata etc to name a few.

Executive Council of SKA-India consortium:

The consortium has an Executive Council for executing and managing various activities of the Consortium.
BITS Pilani, K K Birla Goa campus has nominated Dr. PRASANTA KUMAR DAS, a faculty in the Department of Physics as the member of the Executive Council of the SKA-India consortium.

    SKA India: BITS Goa activities

    Fundamental question of the Universe:
    • How did the Universe, and the stars and galaxies contained in it, form and evolve?

    • What is the nature of ‘dark matter’ and ‘dark energy’

    • Is there life somewhere else in the Universe?

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